Sinusitis Treatment in Mooresville, NC
What is Sinusitis?
A sinus infection, or sinusitis, is a condition that causes inflammation or swelling in the cavities surrounding your nasal passages. When these mucous membranes become inflamed, the resulting swelling can cause blockage, leading to symptoms like postnasal drip or facial swelling.
There are three different types of sinusitis:
- Acute sinusitis: The most common type of sinusitis with the shortest duration, acute sinusitis can last one to several weeks
- Subacute sinusitis: Typically caused by a bacterial infection or allergies, subacute sinusitis symptoms last between 4 and 12 weeks
- Chronic sinusitis: Often due to allergies or nasal problems, symptoms of chronic sinusitis are less severe but last longer than 12 weeks and continually return
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about 30 million people in the U.S. develop sinusitis each year. While sinus infections often go away on their own, you should make an appointment with a healthcare provider if your symptoms include a fever, headache, or last longer than seven days.
To schedule a consultation with a qualified healthcare practitioner in Mooresville who specializes in sinusitis treatment, call (704) 658-0286 or contact Stephen Cruikshank online.
Causes of Sinusitis
When fluid becomes trapped in the sinuses, inflammation occurs and can lead to sinusitis. The most common cause of sinusitis is a viral infection; in fact, it accounts for up to 90 percent of cases. Other sinusitis causes are bacteria, fungi, or even environmental triggers such as pollutants or allergens.
Several factors can cause nasal blockage or increase your risk of developing sinusitis including:
- A weak immune system
- Previous respiratory tract infections
- Allergic rhinitis, caused by pollen, dust, or animal hair
- Deviated septum, or a slight shift in the nasal cavity
- Nasal polyps
- Blocked drainage ducts
Symptoms of Sinusitis
Though symptoms can vary from person to person due to the severity of the infection, common symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
- Pain and/or swelling around the eyes, nose, cheeks, and forehead
- Soreness in the ears, teeth, jaw, or throat
- Stuffy or runny nose
- Postnasal drip, or mucus dripping down the throat
- Coughing (which may worsen at night)
Symptoms of chronic sinusitis may include:
- Green or yellow discharge from the nose or back of the throat
- Pus in your sinuses
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
- Halitosis, or foul-smelling breath
You should see a healthcare professional if your symptoms are worsening, are lasting longer than 10 days, or are not improving with over-the-counter medicines.
There are many different ways to diagnose a sinus infection, though most are done by analyzing your symptoms. Your healthcare practitioner may examine your nasal cavity for signs of inflammation, while more in-depth examinations for severe sinus infections may include:
- A computerized tomography (CT) of your sinuses
- A mucus culture (sample) for further lab testing
- An endoscopic exam, which inserts a small, thin tube with a light and camera down your nose to gain a better view of the nasal passages
- Biopsy of sinus tissue to detect immotile cilia syndrome or of bone to detect fungal sinusitis
Many cases of sinusitis are temporary, and may not require treatment. However, should symptoms worsen or persist, there are several home remedies and medications that may be able to cure the infection.
Home Remedies for Sinusitis
There are several natural sinusitis treatments that can be employed to reduce your uncomfortable symptoms, including:
- Rinsing and clearing the nasal passages with salt water or a saline solution, known as nasal irrigation, sinus irrigation, sinus rinse, or sinus lavage
- Applying a warm compress to the face may relieve swelling and provide relief
- Inhaling steam, possibly with menthol or eucalyptus oil drops
- Drinking plenty of clear fluids, and getting plenty of rest
- Several nutrients, herbs, and spices, such as turmeric, ginger root, vitamin C, bromelain, and thyme, can help eliminate mucus, reduce congestion, maintain balanced inflammation, and boost your immune response
- If your sinusitis is caused by allergies, an elimination diet may allow you to identify and remove possible food-based allergens
Medical Treatments for Sinusitis
Medical treatments for sinus infections are most often prescription decongestants, which may reduce swelling and drain your sinuses. Antihistamines can be used to treat sinusitis caused by allergies.
Other medications may include:
- Pain medications, such as ibuprofen
- Topical, inhaled, or oral nasal corticosteroids to reverse swelling and inflammation
- Antibiotics, in cases of chronic or severe sinusitis caused by bacterial infection
- Antifungal medications
If the cause of the sinus infection is due to a deviated septum, functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) may be necessary to fix it. However, surgery should always be used as a last resort.
A sinus infection of any sort is almost always a nuisance, but with proper monitoring and treatment, you can experience relief. To schedule a consultation with a qualified healthcare practitioner, or to request more information about acute or chronic sinusitis treatment in Mooresville, call (704) 658-0286 or contact Stephen Cruikshank online.
Integrative and Functional Medicine
Address122 Gateway Blvd
Mooresville, NC 28117
09:00AM - 05:00PM
Tue: 09:00AM - 05:00PM
Wed: 09:00AM - 05:00PM
Thu: 09:00AM - 05:00PM